Heart Diseases: Causes, Symptoms and Natural Remedies - HHM

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Saturday, 17 December 2016

Heart Diseases: Causes, Symptoms and Natural Remedies

    Heart related disorders

    What are Heart Diseases?

    Heart diseases or cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are disease conditions affecting the function of the heart which is that of pumping the blood all parts of the body. 

    According to Centers for Disease and Control Prevention (CDC) it is the leading cause of death in men and women each year with approximately 600 thousand cases in the United States alone. The heart as a delicate organ is protected by the bones (ribs) but diseases affecting its function are rather not mechanical forces that pierce through these bones but the ones affecting the heart tissues, cell performance and structure/integrity. 

    The importance of the heart in sustaining life cannot be guaranteed when there is blockage, inflammation and even non correlated contractions. Due to the increase in heart disease statistics around the globe, people are moved to ask whether it is possible to live a life without a heart related disorder.

    Types of Heart Diseases

    There are different types of heart related diseases; each depends on how the function of the heart is compromised. 
    • For example the most common heart disease that results in heart attack due to the blockage of the coronary artery that supplies oxygenated blood is regarded as coronary heart diseases (CHD). 
    • When it affects the muscles of the heart; it is Cardiomyopathy. 
    • When it affects other peripheral components of the heart, it is referred to as Peripheral Heart Diseases (like the pericarditis, valvular heart disease, ischaemic (ischemic) heart diseases, pulmonary heart disease) congenital heart diseases (heart disease present in children), rheumatic heart disease, and  Atherosclerosis which gives way to stroke and Heart Attacks (chronic heart failures) 

    What causes heart diseases?

    The causes of heart diseases are vast, spanning from other diseases conditions, nutrition, lifestyle, hereditary  and environmental pollution. 

    Diets like foods high in saturated fats can result in accumulations alone the arteries which in time may block the easy flow of blood to the heart. During this time the patient may experience discomfort in breathing as there is reduced supply of oxygenated blood to the heart (CHD and atherosclerosis may show up). Increase blood cholesterol and hunger/starvation can also result in cardiovascular disorders. 

    Chronic alcohol consumption is not a healthy nutrition as the increase in alcohol consumption results in a perpendicular increase in generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) which in turn affect heart rhythm (arrhythmias), heart rate and results in heart burns. These effects result in inflammation or damage to the heart tissues thereby releasing muscle tissue enzymes (like troponin (TnI, TnT), which helps control how the heart muscles contract, and creatine phosphokinase (CPK, CK) used in heart energy management.

    Leading a sedentary lifestyle is one of the major contributors of heart diseases. In many cases heart disease patients are advised not to engage in any physical activity which is very bad. Sedentary lifestyle promotes accumulation of fats along the coronary artery. During exercise fats become liquid because of increase biochemical processes which results in an increased body temperature and the liquefied fats evacuates the coronary artery. Stress can also result in cardiovascular diseases.

    Other diseases conditions like diabetes, hypertension (high blood pressure as in systolic heart failure) and obesity result in cardiovascular diseases because of their relationship in hormones and enzymes non-responsiveness, substrate and molecule build up in the body, reduction in tissue and cell viability. All the changes occurring during the above conditions possess threats that affect heart function.
    Cigarette Smoking, exposure to dust and other air pollutants can cause impairment to heart tissues. Smoking Tobacco for example reduces the amount of oxygen available for the heart (because of its high carbon monoxide), damages the heart linings which then trigger fat deposits (atheroma) and results in angina, heart attack and stroke. Dirty environmental condition can foster viral infections that affect the heart function.  

    Symptoms of Heart Diseases

    The signs or symptoms of heart diseases, problems or conditions in men, women, children and aged may vary depending on the stage and type of condition experienced by the heart (acute or chronic heart disease) General symptoms of heart disease include heart attacks, swollen hearts, heart (chest) pains, clogged heart, shorter faster longer breath and heartbeats (irregular breath and heartbeats), cough, skin discoloration, swollen limbs. All the above signs contribute to the pathophysiology of heart diseases.

    Diagnosis for Heart disease

    After proper blood test and x-ray checks,  your doctor should be able to decide what type of heart diseases you are experiencing and the best treatment strategy for you. Some of the test used to diagnose heart diseases include electrocardiogram (EKG) which detects problem based on your heart’s rhythm, echocardiogram: uses ultrasound waves to monitor flow of blood through the heart, cardiac CT scan and others.

    Natural Treatment, Cure and management of Heart Diseases

    Apart from drugs used in the management and treatment of heart Diseases there are other herbal and Natural cures and remedies. To treat, manage or cure heart related disorders naturally, one can consider the dietary approach and lifestyle changes. Below are some of the tips that proves efficient.

    Nutritionally to manage heart related disorders;

    Reduce consumption of sodium rich salts but substitute for magnesium and potassium rich salt as this has the ability to reduce blood pressure. 

    Increase consumption of omega 3 rich diet while reducing Triglycerides and saturated fatty foods as this will reduce risk of atherosclerosis and will prevent plagues from accumulating along the arteries. 

    Garlic and Onions are great options towards management of heart related diseases as their potency has been proven by many medical studies. They function by lowering the concentration of bad fats (Low density lipoprotein - LDL,  very low density lipoprotein-VLDL, Total cholesterol) while increasing aeterial flow of blood. 

       Lifestyle Changes for management of heart disease include;
    Management of stress and treating infections as quickly as possible. 

    Quit smoking, avoid smokes and dust. 
    Practice breathe exercise while keeping physically active for atleast 30 minutes daily. 

    Avoid drugs with heart related side effects

    Moderation in Drinking of alcohol while limiting the amount consumed daily. 

    What about Open Heart Surgery As a way of curing Coronary Heart Diseases?

    Surgery is always the last option considered when other management techniques prove abortive. Before Surgery is recommended a Cardiac surgeon will determine where there is a blockage in artery, impairment in values and Heart tissues from heart x-ray scans and then proceed with an Open heart surgery to remove blockage or treat injuries. 

    According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is the most common type of heart surgery done on adults and results of such surgery brings the patient back to his or her healthy Heart function. 

    Patients contemplating surgeries should not think of Surviving as a probability but rather how they will celebrate after the successful surgery. Do not fear as the heart is not tempered with rather it is only repairs that is done to the compartments and components,  heart transplantation is not involve. 

    Let go the feelings of risk and think of how happy you will be after the surgery. Cheers!!!